Without urgent intervention many of Malaysia's wildlife species stand to go the way of the Sumatran rhino

BORA is a Malaysian nonprofit organisation that is dedicated to preventing the extinction of endangered species and enabling their recovery in the wild.

Populations of many of Malaysia's iconic wildlife species are currently in steady decline. Nevertheless, it is not too late to reverse this grim trajectory.

With strategic interventions, together we can bring back our rare animals.

Species Recovery

Drawing on our experience with trying to prevent the extinction of the Hairy rhinoceros in Sabah we now have invaluable insights on large mammal species with a worryingly small metapopulation scattered across fragmented habitat.

Presently we have active programmes to strengthen populations of wild banteng (Bos javanicus) in and around Tabin Wildlife Reserve and in privately managed landscapes in northeastern Sabah.

In Royal Belum State Park, BORA is working with the Perak State Park Corporation on a study to improve the health and population status of some of the last remaining herds of wild gaur (Bos gaurus) in Peninsular Malaysia.


Ecosystem Restoration

BORA is closely involved in improving habitat and food availability for endangered species in the wild. In northeastern Sabah where wildlife is dependant on a mixed landscape of plantations to find adequate sources of nutrition, habitat enrichment will have a significant role to play in ensuring the survival of orang utans , Bornean pygmy elephants, banteng deer, gibbons and hornbills, among others.

In addition, to demonstrating the value of cultivating grasslands to boost the availability of nutritious food for wild cattle and other grazers, BORA has amassed a living collection of over 90 wild fig species in the Sabah Ficus Germplasm Centre at Tabin Wildlife Reserve. Figs are some of the most important sources of wild food for Sabah's  wildlife. The Centre is able to provide planting materials for habitat restoration initiatives. These efforts are beginning to see important gains and it is vital that they continue to be scaled up across larger landscapes.


For the first time, BORA is compiling all its knowledge on the food plants of wild Bornean Orangutans to energise what we believe to be actions for the conservation of our endangered red apes.

"An Illustrated Guide to Bornean Orangutan Food Plants"
is a practical toolkit and provides aroad map to enrich set aside lands within the mixed landscape of oil palm plantations which dominate Sabah's northeast to contribute to Orangutan conservation.

The actions are uncomplicated and can be easily adopted. What now remains is for key stakeholders, particularly the plantation sector, to adopt habitat enrichment as their contribution to safeguarding Sabah's wildlife.

This publication was produced as part of the "Experimental Habitat Restoration for Orangutans in Kinabatangan landscape",a project by the Sabah Landscapes Programme under WWF Malaysia, funded by Unilever.

The publication may be downloaded for free from the link here.

n the mission to conserve wildlife on increasingly marginal lands, improving the capacity for land to provide not just shelter, but adequate food sources, is now critical. In an important new publication, BORA has distilled its experience restoring degraded landscapes in Sabah into an accessible handbook so that stakeholders can implement these simple approaches on private, public, and community lands.  This WWF Publication may be downloaded from the website for free.

Restoration of habitats
is already a recognised component of wildlife management globally, both conceptually and in terms of projects underway. Increasingly, however, active and targeted interventions in support of sustaining and recovering depleted wild populations in the equatorial tropical zone will need to be emphasised to an even greater extent than now. Why?

This handbook, illustrated with over 80 photos, provides a comprehensive guide to all aspects of propagating, planting and maintaining native trees, hemiepiphytes and lianas, with an emphasis on Ficus (wild figs) in the equatorial region of Borneo. Together with text that outlines the bigger picture, the emphasis is on details of nursery practice, vegetative propagation, seed preparation and storage, and dealing with common problems.

This publication was produced as a part of the ‘Experimental Habitat Restoration for Orangutans in Kinabatangan Landscape’, a project by the Sabah Landscapes Programme under WWF-Malaysia, funded by Unilever.

The publication may be downloaded for free from the link here.

"We have learnt many lessons from the extinction of the species from Malaysia and we are keen to engage with partners across many sectors to implement fresh approaches that will help prevent further species extinction."
Datuk Dr John Payne
Executive Director
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Protected areas alone are insufficient to preserve all Malaysia’s species diversity. To prevent further extinctions we must develop targeted policies and actions towards recovery and restoration.
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In 2021, BORA received a Climate Governance Award in support of its pilot initiative to develop elephant pastures on degraded land within the fringes of Sabah’s Tabin Wildlife Reserve to help address the problem of human–elephant conflict using habitat enrichment.


A new approach to managing wild elephants in Sabah

Over the past century the natural range of wild elephants in Sabah has transformed from mainly forest, to a mixed landscape of plantations and settlements. Inevitably this has given rise to conflict as herds move through in search of food. Now a new wildlife management approach may offer a solution to nurturing a more harmonious future for humans and elephants. Introducing the elephant feeding grounds of Malambabula along the southern border of Tabin Wildlife Reserve. Imagine if diverse stakeholders could establish similar feeding grounds for wild elephants.